Modafinil is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that promotes wakefulness. It is used to treat sleepiness caused by narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work sleep disorder.
Stop using this medicine and get emergency medical help if you have a serious skin rash or hives, blisters, peeling, mouth sores, trouble breathing or swallowing, fever, dark urine, yellowing of your eyes, or swelling. This medication may also cause a serious heart reaction, so tell your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms.
Narcolepsy is a condition that affects normal sleep patterns and can cause severe disruptions to daily activities. It can impact a person’s life, work, social interactions, and mental health.
Narcolepsy usually starts in childhood or adolescence. It’s more common in women than men.
The disorder affects how you sleep, especially during the REM (rapid eye movement) stage. It also can lead to cataplexy or sudden episodes of muscle weakness and body collapse.
It’s caused by a problem with the chemicals that regulate sleep-wake cycles called orexins.
Those chemicals are normally found in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), a layer of fluid that surrounds and cushions your brain and spinal cord. But people with narcolepsy don’t have enough of these chemicals.
The pills modafinil, which is now available in two forms — modafinil and armodafinil — can help reduce sleepiness in people with narcolepsy. Modalert 200 works by increasing dopamine, which is a chemical that helps promote wakefulness.
Obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you stop breathing for short periods during the night. This disrupts your sleeping pattern and can result in daytime sleepiness.
The soft tissue in your mouth and throat (upper airway) tends to collapse inward as you breathe. In people with obstructive sleep apnea, this collapse causes the airway to be blocked, preventing oxygen from reaching your lungs.
It is more common in men than women, but it can occur at any age. Overweight or obese people are at greater risk for obstructive sleep apnea.
The disorder can be treated by wearing a device called a CPAP machine to keep your airway open during sleep. Other treatments include surgery, medications, or a combination of these.
Shift work sleep disorder
Shift work sleep disorder (SWSD) affects about 5 to 10 percent of night-shift workers and involves excessive sleepiness during the day and insomnia when trying to get to sleep at night. Waklert 150 Australia tablets are used to treat excessive sleepiness during the day.
People who have this disorder usually lose about one to four hours of sleep a night. They may also experience drowsiness while driving or working and have trouble falling asleep at home.
These symptoms are often accompanied by mood changes, such as irritability, social withdrawal, and depression. These mood alterations are thought to be caused by the body’s natural rhythm being disrupted by shift work.
This type of disorder can cause serious health problems, including gastrointestinal and metabolic issues, and an increased risk of car crashes or workplace accidents. It is treated by making changes to your schedule and by avoiding activities that disrupt your sleep. It is important to speak with your employer about ways you can adjust your work schedule.
MS is a disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that causes inflammation and damage to nerve fibers. It primarily affects the brain and spinal cord but can also impact other parts of the body.
Symptoms of MS vary widely and may be severe or mild. They can affect the way you walk, your ability to focus or concentrate, and your energy levels.
A doctor will do a physical and neurological exam to check for symptoms of MS and other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. They might order blood tests, a lumbar puncture, or an MRI of the brain and spinal cord.
Medications can help control symptoms, reduce relapses, and slow the progression of the disease. Steroids, for instance, given during relapses can ease inflammation and help someone recover.